Breast Cancer Treatment Options and How to Choose One

It is no exaggeration to say that there has been an explosion in advancement of treatments against breast cancer. They are getting better with days and are bringing new hope for those who are suffering from this life threatening disease.
Let’s go through the breast cancer treatment options for better understanding:

    Surgery

You can have surgery either to remove the tumour only or the whole breast. The surgery that removes the tissues or tumour around it is called lumpectomy and the one that removes the whole breast is called mastectomy. You can chose from among many different types of lumpectomies and mastectomies.

    Radiation therapy

In this process, the cancer cells are killed using high-energy waves. This therapy usually starts about a month after your surgery or chemotherapy as it gives time to your body to recover. Depending on your cancer type, this therapy will go on for 3-5 days a week to kill the remaining cancer cells, if any.

    Chemotherapy

This breast cancer treatment type uses powerful drugs to kill the cancer cells. Though it strongly fights with the disease, you may expect some side effects such as hot flashes, hair loss, fatigue etc.

    Hormone therapy

This therapy prevents hormones, especially estrogen, from encouraging the growth of breast cancer cells. Different medicines such as tamoxifen, exemestane, anastrozole andothers are used, which may cause vaginal dryness and hot flashes.

    Targeted therapy

This therapy targets the cancer cells with high levels of protein. The medicines used, blocks a molecule and prompts the immune system to help you get rid of cancer.

The therapies are used to kill the remaining cancer cells that are left behind after your treatments.

How do you know which treatment option to choose?

You need to visit the doctor, who will examine and recommend a breast cancer treatment for you. Your doctor will consider a few things such as:

    Which type of cancer you’re suffering from?
    In which of disease you’re in, the size of the tumour and its features
    Whether your tumour has ‘receptors’ for estrogen, progesterone and HER2 protein
    What is your age, if you’ve any personal preference, how your health condition is and if you’ve gone through menopause

With the increasing number of options for breast cancer treatment, people have become more hopeful now. You can cure the disease by visiting a reputable clinic that has a team of cancer specialists. Your doctor will suggest a promising treatment for you and will also explain you the side effects.

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